Daily Tech Digest - July 26, 2020

Researchers develop new learning algorithm to boost AI efficiency

A working group led by two computer scientists Wolfgang Maass and Robert Legenstein of TU Graz has adopted this principle in the development of the new machine learning algorithm e-prop (short for e-propagation). Researchers at the Institute of Theoretical Computer Science, which is also part of the European lighthouse project Human Brain Project, use spikes in their model for communication between neurons in an artificial neural network. The spikes only become active when they are needed for information processing in the network. Learning is a particular challenge for such less active networks, since it takes longer observations to determine which neuron connections improve network performance. Previous methods achieved too little learning success or required enormous storage space. E-prop now solves this problem by means of a decentralized method copied from the brain, in which each neuron documents when its connections were used in a so-called e-trace (eligibility trace). The method is roughly as powerful as the best and most elaborate other known learning methods.

Data Leadership Book Review and Interview

The Data Leadership Framework is first about acknowledging that there is a whole bunch of stuff an organization needs to do to make the most of data. The five DLF Categories are where we evaluate an organization’s data capabilities and figure out where they are struggling most among the complexity. The twenty-five DLF Disciplines are where we then focus energy (i.e., invest our limited resources) to make the biggest outcomes. By creating relative balance across the DLF Categories, we maximize the overall impact of our data efforts. This is what we need to be doing all the time with data, but without something like the Data Leadership Framework, the problems can feel overwhelming and people have trouble figuring out where to start, or what to do next. This is true of everybody, from data architects and developers to the CEO. If we can use the Data Leadership Framework to make sense amidst the chaos, the individual steps themselves are much less daunting. Data competency is no longer a “nice-to-have” item. From data breaches to analytics-driven disruptors in every industry, this is as big of a deal to businesses as cash flow.

Enterprise Architecture for Managing Information Technology Standards

While globalization is excellent for business as it extends opportunities for markets that were previously closed and permits the sharing of ideas and information across different platforms, it could threaten the budgetary plans of SMBs. Investments in licensing, infrastructure, and global solutions, in general, hit this segment harshly. Lack of Talent Pool: This problem is primarily limited to the technology segment. Around half of employees lack the critical thinking skills that would qualify them to grow further in this field. The IT team faced the most significant hurdle so far is having members that aren’t smart enough to put a general hardware and software security environment cost-effectively. IT Policy Compliance Failure: Specific technologies used by IT projects don’t comply with the policy rules as defined by their departments. IT departments are sometimes unaware of techniques used by their teams and business stakeholders, increasing the risk of uncontrolled data flows and non-compliance. Besides, these technologies are sometimes incompatible with the existing portfolio. This increases IT debt, primarily if technology standards are not enforced.

IoT Architecture: Topology and Edge Compute Considerations

Network engineers often have experience with a particular topology and may assume it can be used in any setting, but sometimes another choice would be more optimal for a different use case. To determine whether a mesh networking topology is a good choice for your application, it is important to understand the pros and cons of this strategy. A critical factor to analyze is your system's timing requirements. Mesh networking topologies route data from node to node across a network that is architected in a mesh. So the "hops" need to be accounted for due to added latency. Do you need the data back in 100 mS or can you live with once a second? ... Wireless point-to-point (PTP) and point-to-multipoint (PTMP) are topologies used for connectivity in a wide range of applications, such as use cases where you want to replace cables with wireless communication. These protocols communicate between two devices (point-to-point) or from one device to many (point-to-multipoint). There are a few factors to consider, such as distance, timing and battery power that may indicate if a PTP network is needed versus a mesh network.

An introduction to confidential edge computing for IoT security

Recent attacks, even outside of IoT, showed that hackers exploited weak configurations of public cloud services to access sensitive data. The reason that hackers succeeded in obtaining sensitive information stored on a public cloud had nothing to do with the security mechanisms implemented by the cloud provider but were rather the result of little mistakes made by the end users, typically in the Web Application Firewall (WAF) that controls the access to the cloud network or by leaving credentials unprotected. These little mistakes are almost inevitable for companies that have a cloud-only infrastructure. However, by demarcating sensitive and non-sensitive information, this could help their IT teams in setting up the cloud services to achieve safer security practices. Those mistakes emphasize the need for a broader security expertise aiming at defining the security architecture to be enforced on the overall system and at finding out whether the security features of the cloud provider need to be completed by additional protection mechanisms. A first logical step consists of demarcating sensitive and non-sensitive information, to help the IT team establish appropriate priorities.

How IoT Devices are Rapidly Revolutionizing the World of Small Businesses

Small business owners may want to take some time to look through a list of the top IoT software rankings before they decide on a single platform. It can be difficult to migrate to another one after your firm has become heavily invested in a certain type of technology. This is especially true of those who plan to primarily use consumer-grade equipment that often goes through various revisions as market pressures force engineers to redesign certain aspects of their builds. Keep in mind that all Internet of Things devices include some sort of embedded general purpose computer. This means that each piece of smart equipment is free to share information collected from onboard peripherals. That makes it easy to learn more about how different circumstances impact your business. Think of a hotel or restaurant that has multiple rooms. Each of these have an adjustable thermostat. If some of them are set too high or low, then the business in question may end up losing thousands by using too much energy. A number of service providers in the hospitality industry now use IoT software to monitor energy usage throughout entire buildings.

The Journey to Effective Data Management in HPC

High Performance Computing (HPC) continues to be a major resource investment of research organizations worldwide. Large datasets are used and generated by HPC, and these make data management a key component of effectively using the expensive resources that underlie HPC infrastructure. Despite this critical element of HPC, many organizations do not have a data management plan in place. As an example of data generation rates, the total storage footprint worldwide from DNA sequencing alone is estimated at over 2 Exabytes by 2025, most of which will be processed and stored in an HPC environment. This growth rate causes an immense strain on life science organizations. But it is not only big data from life sciences that is stressing HPC infrastructure, but research institutions like Lawrence Livermore National Labs (LLNL) also generate 30TB of data a day. This data serves to support their research and development efforts applied to national security, and these daily data volumes can also be expected to increase. As the HPC community continues to generate massive amounts of file data, drawing insights, making that data useful, and protecting the data becomes a considerable effort with major implications.

Taking A Deep Look at DLT (Distributed Ledger Technology)

A great deal of effort and investment is continuously going into mitigating blockchain’s scalability issues. One of the headline motivations for this directive is to level-up the user experience on blockchain networks to accommodate a diverse range of concurrent activity without compromising any of the blockchain elements. When this is achieved – blockchain architects and companies will have a more comprehensive suite of blockchain tools to meet new and growing needs in the market. For a long time blockchain has been unfairly subjected to pessimistic scrutiny that undermine its value. Unfair in a sense that blockchain is brilliant, revolutionary and still young. But then again, nothing exists in a vacuum totally free from pessimistic sentiments. Everything in existence has some criticism attached to it. Even so – blockchain is resilient! It is here for good – and so is DLT. If you look at DLT you will see that many DLT based start-ups offer business-to-business solutions. Distributed ledgers are well poised for companies because they address multiple-infrastructural issues plagued in industries. One of them is databases. Given how disparate and complex organizations have grown - legacy databases have become victim to inefficiencies and security loopholes.

Adapting online security to the ways we work, remotely and post-coronavirus

Not only were many companies unprepared for the mass transition to remote work, but they were also caught off guard by the added technology and security needs. According to CNBC, 53 senior technology executives say their firms have never stress-tested their systems for a crisis like this. For example, when companies are working from the office, it is easier for IT teams to identify threat agents that make attempts into systems since hackers’ locations are removed from those offices. However, with employees dispersed at their homes, identifying these foreign breaches are less recognizable. Companies have also been caught flatfooted during this crisis by relying on employees to use their personal devices instead of providing a separate work device. This prevents IT teams from identifying suspicious activity. To keep employee and company information secure, it is up to the CISO and IT decision-makers to create and strictly enforce a regular practice for accessing, editing and storing their data. Most employees value productivity over security. This is problematic. Employees gravitate towards tools and technology they prefer to get their work done effectively.

Is Your Approach to Data Protection More Expensive than Useful?

Now more than ever, data is the lifeblood of an organization – and any incidence of data loss or application unavailability can take a significant toll on that business. With the recent rise in cyberattacks and exponential data growth, protecting data has become job #1 for many IT organizations. Their biggest hurdle: managing aging infrastructure with limited resources. Tight budgets should not discourage business leaders from modernizing data protection. Organizations that hang onto older backup technology don’t have the tools they need to face today’s threats. Rigid, siloed infrastructures aren’t agile or scalable enough to keep up with fluctuations in data requirements, and they are based on an equally rigid backup approach. Traditional backup systems behave like insurance policies, locking data away until you need it. That’s like having an extra car battery in the garage, waiting for a possible crisis. The backup battery might seem like a reasonable preventive measure, but most of the time it’s a waste of space, and if the crisis never arises it’s an unnecessary upfront investment, more expensive than useful. In the age of COVID-19 where cash is king and onsite resources are particularly limited, some IT departments are postponing data protection modernization, looking to simplify overall operations and lower infrastructure cost first.

Quote for the day:

"Do what you can, where you are, with what you have." -- Teddy Roosevelt

No comments:

Post a Comment