The joint alert recommends MFA is enforced for everyone, especially since RDP is commonly used to deploy ransomware. "Do not exclude any user, particularly administrators, from an MFA requirement," CISA notes. Incorrectly applied privileges or permissions and errors in access control lists can prevent the enforcement of access control rules and could give unauthorized users or system processes access to objects. Of course, make sure software is up to date. But also don't use vendor-supplied default configurations or default usernames and passwords. These might be 'user friendly' and help the vendor deliver faster troubleshooting, but they're often publicly available 'secrets'. The NSA strongly urges admins to remove vendor-supplied defaults in its network infrastructure security guidance. ... "These default credentials are not secure – they may be physically labeled on the device or even readily available on the internet. Leaving these credentials unchanged creates opportunities for malicious activity, including gaining unauthorized access to information and installing malicious software."
Some businesses attempt to narrow the gap by retraining their IT professionals. While there is a chance that some employees with technical skills may be able and willing to take on cybersecurity positions, they still need to have someone to teach them. Most cybersecurity experts today are self-taught and there is very little that an organization can do to help because the availability of security certifications is also limited. However, the real problem is that organizations often perceive cybersecurity as something that only the dedicated cybersecurity workforce should deal with. This perception is the cause of several problems mentioned above, for example, the high level of stress and burnout for cybersecurity staff. Security teams often work alone and the rest of the organization is not aware, not educated, and worst of all: does not feel responsible for security. ... The cybersecurity industry is still a bit behind the trends and a lot of tools are still created with dedicated security specialists in mind. Such tools are difficult or even impossible to use in complex environments,
Broadly speaking, achieving “sustainability” is the focus on architectural work in software products. A software product can be considered sustainable if it is capable of meeting its current requirements, including QARs, without jeopardizing its ability to meet future requirements. As we stated in the previous section, quality attribute requirements drive the architecture, and meeting key QARs is essential to create sustainable architectural designs. Unfortunately, software systems “wear out” over time, as functional enhancements are being implemented, and new design decisions are made, which may stretch or even break the original architectural design. ... How do you know when your software system is wearing out, the same way you know when your car tires are wearing out and need to be replaced? Just as a physician may use many different kinds of tools to assess the health of an individual, different tools help a team assess software architecture fitness. Older systems may be difficult to understand because, as we mentioned earlier, their design decisions and assumptions are often not documented, and documentation, when it exists, is likely to be outdated.
In a press release, Strata Identity stated that current popular cloud platforms use proprietary identity systems with individual policy languages, all of which are incompatible with each other. What’s more, each application must be hard-coded to work with a specific identity system, it added. Hexa has been designed to use IDQL to enable any number of identity systems to work together as a unified whole, without making changes to them or to applications, Strata Identity said. It works by abstracting identity and access policies from cloud platforms, authorization systems, data resources, and zero trust networks to discover what policies exist, then translates them from their native syntax into the generic, IDQL declarative policy, the vendor continued. It then orchestrates identity and access instructions across cloud systems and throughout apps, data resources, platforms, and networks by translating back into native, imperative policies of target systems via a cloud-based architecture.
This issue is believed to be something that can’t be easily patched over or just an error in Bluetooth specification. This exploit could affect millions of people, as BLE-based proximity authentication was not originally designed for use in critical systems such as locking mechanisms in smart locks, according to NCC Group. “What makes this powerful is not only that we can convince a Bluetooth device that we are near it—even from hundreds of miles away—but that we can do it even when the vendor has taken defensive mitigations like encryption and latency bounding to theoretically protect these communications from attackers at a distance,” said Sultan Qasim Khan, Principal Security Consultant and Researcher at NCC Group. “All it takes is 10 seconds—and these exploits can be repeated endlessly.” To start, the cybersecurity company points out that any product relying on a trusted BLE connection is vulnerable to attacks from anywhere in the world at any given time.
Over the next ten years, augmented reality will replace the mobile phone as our primary interface for digital content. Early adopters will embrace the lure of new, magical capabilities. Everyone else, skeptics included, will quickly find themselves at a disadvantage without omniscience, x-ray vision, superhuman recall, and dozens of other capabilities that are not even on the drawing board yet. This will drive adoption as quickly as the transition from flip phones to smartphones. After all, not upgrading your hardware will mean missing out on layers of useful information that everyone else can see. An augmented world is coming — one with the potential to be magical, embellished with artistic content and infused with superhuman abilities. At the same time, there are risks we must avoid, as augmented reality will give tech platforms unprecedented ability to track our activities and mediate our experiences. For these reasons, we need to push for a safe and regulated metaverse, especially the augmented metaverse. It will impact all of our lives in the very near future.
Quote for the day:
"Most people live with pleasant illusions, but leaders must deal with hard realities." -- Orrin Woodward